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20 Gigahertz Processors? Intel Pushes Nanotechnology with Silicon

Pentium 4 Processor
Intel® Pentium®4 Processor
Get details on what is currently Intel's most advanced desktop processor.

Moore's Law
Dr. Gordon E. Moore
Read the original paper in which Dr. Gordon E. Moore made his famous prediction that the number of transistors per integrated circuit would double every 18 months.

Intel researchers have developed the world's fastest transistors - which are nearly 1000% faster than those of today's fastest processor, the Pentium® 4 processor - proving there's no fundamental barrier to extending Moore's Law through the end of the decade.

At only 20 nanometers in size, these transistors will lead to billion-transistor processors, running at speeds approaching 20 gigahertz and operating at less than one volt, before the end of the decade. And despite the common belief that nanotechnology would replace silicon, these transistors are silicon-based. By using current materials and transistor structures to reach this level, Intel has shown that innovation can continue at its current pace.

Moore's Law Graph

How will we use GHz?
At a speed of 20 GHz, close to one billion calculations will be completed in the blink of a human eye. With all that processing power, we'll be able to create smarter computers that will understand "natural" language and handwriting, and will learn from user patterns to refine and simplify interaction. For instance, you may be able to enter your Christmas list onto a PC and have it shop for you online.

These advancements are all part of Intel's goal to continue extending Moore's Law and shrink transistor size by 30% every 2 years. Due to our extensive internal R & D, Intel's silicon technology continues to lead the industry. In fact, our new lab in Oregon is the first silicon research facility to focus its efforts on developing 300mm wafers.

Related Links Intel Research: Silicon Showcase
Intel® Labs: Research and Development
Tech Resources: Optimize Your PC
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